Prostatitis is a disease that, according to statistics, affects every tenth man. The pathology is diagnosed mainly at the age of 30-50 years.

Prostatitis is an inflammatory process in the prostate gland

Many men are afraid to talk about the symptoms of prostatitis to the doctor, which leads to the transition of the disease into a chronic form, complicates treatment and becomes problems with reproductive function. It is important to start therapy at the initial stage of the pathological process.

About what drugs for prostatitis in men are most often prescribed and considered the most effective, further.

What is prostatitis

Prostatitis is a disease characterized by an inflammatory process in the prostate (seminal) gland. The gland performs a number of important functions, one of which is the production of a specific ejaculatory secretion that protects and nourishes the sperm. The fluid contains enzymes, proteins, fats, hormones, without which the reproductive system will not be able to do its job normally.

patient with prostatitis at a specialist

Another important function of the prostate is to liquefy sperm, making sperm more mobile and more likely to reach their destination.

If an inflammatory process begins in the prostate gland, its work is disrupted. In this case, the man feels the characteristic symptoms.

Causes and signs of inflammation of the prostate

The main source of prostatitis is the penetration of infection and stagnation in the tissues of the seminal gland. Bacteria and microbes enter the prostate from:

  • urogenital organs;
  • distant chronic foci of infection with blood flow (caries, sinusitis, sinusitis, influenza, pneumonia, tonsillitis, furunculosis);
  • nearby inflamed organs (inflamed rectum), etc.

Factors preceding the development of the disease:

  • prolonged abstinence from sexual intercourse;
  • wearing too tight clothes;
  • alcoholism, smoking, drug addiction;
  • frequent interruptions of sexual intercourse;
  • defective ejaculation;
  • irregular sex life;
  • hypodynamia;
  • frequent constipation;
  • conditions that suppress the immune system (stress, unhealthy diet, lack of sleep);
  • single or permanent hypothermia;
  • the presence of chronic infections (bronchitis, tonsillitis, cholecystitis);
  • strong sexual arousal, followed by sexual intercourse;
  • delayed urological diseases (cystitis, urethritis);
  • transfer of genital infections (gonorrhea, trichomoniasis).

Hyperplasia or adenoma of the prostate with a benign course can also provoke the development of the disease. In addition, trauma to the perineum is a predisposing factor for prostatitis. They are often seen in motorcyclists, drivers, cyclists, etc.

healthy and inflamed prostate

It should be noted that bacterial prostatitis is diagnosed 8 times less often than non-infectious. The main reason for the latter is the stagnation in the gland. This leads to difficulty in blood circulation through small vessels, swelling of the prostate tissue, increased oxidation of lipids in free radicals. All these processes create conditions for inflammation and severe pain in the perineum and genitals.

During the exacerbation of prostatitis in men there are:

  • increased urination;
  • urine may come out with impurities of blood, pus; mental disorders - irritability, lack of sleep, anxiety;
  • violation of the process of urination - can be difficult, painful;
  • pain in the scrotum, rectum and penis;
  • erectile dysfunction.

With exacerbation, body temperature may rise slightly.

Pharmacological groups of drugs for prostatitis

The following pharmacological groups of drugs for the treatment of prostatitis exist:

  1. Antibacterial drugs for prostatitis (ciprofloxacin, azithromycin). They are prescribed to eliminate pathogenic microflora. With the help of the active substances that make up the drugs, the pathogens that provoke the infectious process are destroyed. Antibiotics are taken in the acute stage and during the period of remission of the disease.
  2. Alpha blockers (Tamsulosin). Doctors prescribe this group of drugs when it is necessary to improve urodynamics, to facilitate the flow of urine in a patient and to reduce the likelihood of the consequences of hyperplasia.
  3. Antispasmodics (drotaverine hydrochloride, papaverine, metamizole sodium). Such drugs for the treatment of prostatitis are prescribed for pain to relax the smooth muscles of the prostate, improve blood circulation.
  4. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs with analgesic effect (Tolperisone hydrochloride, Nimesulide, Meloxicam, Diclofenac). Such drugs for the treatment of prostatitis are prescribed for pain, cramps, increased muscle tone of the perineum, urinary problems and inflammation.
  5. Analgesics (metamizole sodium, diclofenac). Relieve the pain. It is prescribed in the form of tablets, rectal suppositories, injections.
  6. Phytopreparations. Medicines contain only natural herbal ingredients. It is prescribed in combination with drugs. Designed to eliminate pain, inflammation, relieve mental stress. They are prescribed both in chronic form and in exacerbation (in combination with other drugs).
  7. Hormonal drugs for prostatitis (cyproterone acetate, flutamide). Eliminate the inflammatory process, reduce the swelling of the gland, normalize the process of urination.

Basic drugs for prostatitis and BPH

Then we will describe in more detail the drugs that are most often prescribed by doctors for prostatitis and are most effective in combating the disease.

Tamsulosin hydrochloride

Tamsulosin hydrochloride is a drug that is prescribed to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia (adenoma). It belongs to the group of alpha-blockers. It is available in the form of capsules. The main active ingredient of the drug is tamsulosin hydrochloride. This component helps to reduce the tone of the smooth muscles of the prostate gland.

The drug is not used:

  • in childhood;
  • with severe liver failure;
  • with postural hypotension (reduction of upright pressure).

The drug with uncontrolled intake and non-compliance with contraindications can lead to such side effects:

  • dizziness;
  • rhinitis;
  • skin rash accompanied by itching and redness;
  • asthenic syndrome;
  • a sharp drop in blood pressure;
  • strong pulse.

The frequency of administration of the drug is 1 time per day. The capsule is washed thoroughly with water. It should be taken in the morning before meals.

When taking the drug, especially in the early days, those who work with complex mechanisms and drive a car should be careful.

Pumpkin oil

Herbal preparation. It is prescribed for the treatment of prostatitis and its prevention.

The main active ingredient restores the functions of the prostate gland due to its anti-inflammatory effect and improved microcirculation. In addition, the substances that make up pumpkin seed oil counteract the production of the hormone dihydrotestosterone, which is responsible for prostate growth, improves kidney and liver function, and cleanses the intestines of toxins and toxins.

The drug should be used 3 times a day, 1 capsule after meals. The capsules are washed thoroughly with water. The course of treatment is 1 month.

Side effects after taking the drug are rare. In general, the reaction is observed on the part of the gastrointestinal tract - nausea, abdominal pain, heartburn. If the medicine is taken for a long time, a stool disorder is possible.

Contraindications include ulceration of the mucous membrane of the gastrointestinal tract in the acute stage, cholelithiasis.

Preparation with composition: pumpkin seed powder; golden bud extract; aspen extract; pumpkin globulin

The drug is used to treat chronic prostatitis, prostatic hyperplasia, accompanied by impaired urination.

The drug is produced in tablets, well tolerated by patients because it has an herbal composition. Only occasionally can we notice allergic reactions to compound medicines.

The drug is taken 3 times a day, 2-4 tablets. The duration of therapy is 12 weeks.

Preparation with composition: pumpkin seed powder; selenium; zinc; citrus pectin; nettle extract; lycopene derived from tomatoes; African palm fruit extract; African plum extract

The drug is a biologically active food supplement for men suffering from prostate diseases. It is available in pill form.

You need to take the medicine at the same time once a day during a meal with water. The duration of admission is 30 days. The drug for prostatitis is well tolerated by men and does not cause side effects. In isolated cases, patients have an allergic reaction to the components of the drug.

Herbal preparation with the composition: chondodendron felt, Canadian aspen, sulfur file

An herbal preparation prescribed for diseases of the prostate and genitourinary system in men. The tool eliminates pain, relieves inflammation, eliminates spasms.

The main indications for use of the drug are:

  • benign prostatic hyperplasia;
  • inflammatory diseases of the genitourinary system;
  • chronic and acute urinary retention;
  • enuresis, pyelonephritis;
  • renal colic;
  • urolithiasis disease.

Medicine for prostatitis is produced in the form of drops. You should take 5-15 drops at a time. The frequency of drug use is 3 times a day. The duration of treatment depends on the pathological process, but should be at least 6 weeks. The drug should be taken half an hour after or before a meal, slowly dissolving in the mouth.

Contraindications include individual intolerance to the components of the drug and children under 12 years of age. As for side effects, they occur rarely and only in the form of allergies.

How to choose a drug

The choice of drugs for prostatitis is necessary depending on the form of the disease. In case of exacerbation, antibiotics are prescribed first. The earlier you start taking antibacterial drugs, the faster the symptoms disappear and the less likely you are to have complications and the disease to become chronic.

If the disease is accompanied by pulling pain in the genitourinary system, mental disorders in the form of irritability, anxiety, insomnia, sexual dysfunction. In this case, you should take medications that improve blood circulation, eliminate pain, inflammation and mental problems. For these purposes are appointed:

  • analgesics;
  • antispasmodics;
  • NSAIDs;
  • antibacterial drugs (with frequent exacerbations);
  • immunomodulators;
  • herbal sedatives.

In any case, only a doctor can prescribe medication for prostatitis after an examination. Self-medication can lead to serious consequences, one of which is infertility.